Chemical solutions are carefully applied to your skin to improve texture by removing damaged outer layers. The chemical agent used and the concentration, among other factors, determines the depth of the peeling. Common chemicals used are phenol (carbolic acid), trichloroacetic acid (TCA), and alphahydroxy acids (glycolic, lactic acid). This can range from a very light chemical peel to create faster sloughing of the epidermis to deeper peeling causing cell necrosis (cell injury) and inflammation (redness & swelling) in the dermis.
As a result of the peel, the deeper layers of the skin will respond by regenerating new skin and by increasing the production of collagen. The result is a look that's smoother and more youthful.
I apply two different grades of peels, one is a Lactic Acid Peel, which is very superficial and light. It improves pigment irregularities, improves minor surface changes and gives a fresher appearance to the skin. This is more like a good exfoliation.
The second peel I carry is the new BioActive Peel by Dermalogica, which is a four-step system to reduce acne, inflammation, fine lines and and hyperpigmentation (brown spots). It includes a 20 percent salicylic acid Prep Solution - Step 1, Enzymes Actives (papaya and pumpkin) - Step 2, Acid Active with 30 percent lactic acid and 15 percent TCA (trichloracetic acid) - Step 3 and a Declelerator with cucumber, green leaf extract, and sodium bicarbonate - Step 4. This peel can be classified as a medium grade peel depending on how many layers are applied. There is minimal downtime.
A refreshingly new concept of peeling, formulated with the most progressive technology available that also minimizes downtime while still attaining exceptional results. BioActive Peel a biologically active, biphasic peel that decreases surface roughness, treats acne, reduces fine lines and fades pigmentation in the epidermis and dermal-epidermal interface.
When you start to peel, it usually begins at the nose and around the mouth. It works it way out to the cheeks and the forehead, with the jaw line last. There are more sebaceous glands around the nose and mouth so the chemical agents of the peel are absorbed faster and thus peel faster.
Peeling could take 1-5 days to begin; it usually takes about 2 days. This is usually complete in 5-10 days; depending on peel depth this may take longer. Home care is critical with deeper peeling. A home care kit with appropriate skin product is available.
After the peeling process is complete your skin looks great! It is recommended to do a series of 3 of the Bioactive Peel 2 - 3 weeks apart for optimum results.
A: Absolutely not! Depending on the skin's resistance and how frequent the treatments are, you may not experience peeling or flaking. For a more accurate assessment of the treatment's success, feel the texture of your skin. If it feels smoother, the treatment is working. In addition, this may also be an indication that your skin may be more tolerant of additional layers during the Acid Active portion of BioActive Peel.
A: No. It can take at least 2 days to 1 week (or longer) to see changes in your skin. There may be more color on hyperpigmented areas for the first few days as pigmented cells rise to the surface and slough off while new skin cells grow at the basal cell layer.